Zenit Madencilik

Zenit Madencilk Overview

Overview

Zenit Madencilik San. ve Tic. A.S. is a joint venture company operating in Turkey, now owned 23.5% by Ariana.  The joint venture is operated by Proccea Construction Co., which also owns 23.5%, with the remaining 53% owned by Özaltin Holding A.S.  Zenit owns 100% of the Kiziltepe gold-silver mine, and the Tavşan and Salinbaş development projects, in addition to a number of other gold projects in Turkey.  The joint venture owns a depleted total of c. 2.1 million ounces of gold and other metals (as at July 2020).  The joint venture is focused on achieving production from both Kiziltepe and Tavşan in the coming years, with the aim of increasing output to c. 50,000 ounces of gold per annum.

The links below take you to details of the specific project sectors:

Global Resources

Global Totals by Area

Tonnes

(t)

Grade Au

(g/t)

Grade Ag

(g/t)

Au

(oz)

Ag

(oz)

Kiziltepe & 

Kepez

3,025,000

2.33

38.03

227,000

3,699,000

Tavsan

4,489,000

1.75

5.01

253,000

723,000

Click here for detailed resource breakdown.

Maps

ZM01 Zenit Madencilik location map Turkey
ZM02 Zenit Madencilik Sindirgi Gold Corridor
Overview

Overview

Zenit Madencilik San. ve Tic. A.S. is a joint venture company operating in Turkey, now owned 23.5% by Ariana.  The joint venture is operated by Proccea Construction Co., which also owns 23.5%, with the remaining 53% owned by Özaltin Holding A.S.  Zenit owns 100% of the Kiziltepe gold-silver mine, and the Tavşan and Salinbaş development projects, in addition to a number of other gold projects in Turkey.  The joint venture owns a depleted total of c. 2.1 million ounces of gold and other metals (as at July 2020).  The joint venture is focused on achieving production from both Kiziltepe and Tavşan in the coming years, with the aim of increasing output to c. 50,000 ounces of gold per annum.

The links below take you to details of the specific project sectors:

Kiziltepe - Production & Development

Kiziltepe Mine – Production Details

Overview

The Kiziltepe Gold-Silver Mine is located in western Turkey and contains a JORC (2012) Measured, Indicated and Inferred Resource of 227,000 ounces gold and 0.7 million ounces silver (as at September 2021). The mine has been in profitable production since early 2017 and is expected to produce at a rate of c.20,000 ounces of gold per annum to at least the mid-2020s. Since start-up, the mine has recorded five years of successful operations and has mined a total of 1,024,359 tonnes at an average grade of 3.52 g/t Au as at the end of 2020. Processing at Kiziltepe is via the carbon-in-leach method and a processing plant expansion has been completed to provide for higher mill throughput of up to 500,000 tonnes of ore per annum. A major drilling programme of over 12,800 m was completed in 2021 which targeted various resource extensions across the property. A Net Smelter Return (“NSR”) royalty of 2.5% on production is being paid to Franco-Nevada Corporation.

Production Figures

Stage of Development:

Production

Mine life:

c. 6 yrs remaining (up to 10 years potential)

Cash Costs

Q1 2019

Q2 2019

Q3 2019

Q4 2019

US$399

US$589

US$540

US$500

Processing: CIL/CIC

Production Rate (Life of mine average)

20,000 oz Au p.a. (up to c. 25,000 oz Au p.a.)

Global JORC Resource:

2.01Mt @ 2.51 g/t Au, 43.49 g/t Ag (Measured, Indicated) 1.01Mt @ 2.23 g/t Au, 29.58 g/t Ag (Inferred)*

Payback

100% of construction loan (US$33 million) repaid on 1 May 2020

Royalty:

State Right and 2.5% NSR to Franco-Nevada

*Resource figures include Reserves.

Overview

Overview

The Kiziltepe Gold-Silver Mine is located in western Turkey and contains a JORC (2012) Measured, Indicated and Inferred Resource of 227,000 ounces gold and 0.7 million ounces silver (as at September 2021). The mine has been in profitable production since early 2017 and is expected to produce at a rate of c.20,000 ounces of gold per annum to at least the mid-2020s. Since start-up, the mine has recorded five years of successful operations and has mined a total of 1,024,359 tonnes at an average grade of 3.52 g/t Au as at the end of 2020. Processing at Kiziltepe is via the carbon-in-leach method and a processing plant expansion has been completed to provide for higher mill throughput of up to 500,000 tonnes of ore per annum. A major drilling programme of over 12,800 m was completed in 2021 which targeted various resource extensions across the property. A Net Smelter Return (“NSR”) royalty of 2.5% on production is being paid to Franco-Nevada Corporation.

Kiziltepe Mine

360° virtual tour of Red Rabbit project

Ariana Resources - 360° virtual tour of Red Rabbit project

Ariana Resources - 360° virtual tour of Red Rabbit project

Tavsan - Development

Tavsan - Development Details

Overview

The Tavsan Gold Project is located in western Turkey and contains a JORC (2012) Measured, Indicated and Inferred Resource of 253,000 ounces gold and 723,000 ounces silver (as at June 2020). The Tavsan Project area currently consists of five mineralised zones; Main, West, East, North and Far North. The project is being progressed through permitting and an Environmental Impact Assessment, with the intention of developing the site to become the second joint venture gold mining operation.  Processing at Tavsan will be via the heap-leach method to accommodate a production rate of c. 30,000 ounces of gold per annum. A NSR royalty of up to 2% on future production is payable to Sandstorm Gold.

Scoping Study Summary

Mine Life:

6 years (based on revised resources)

Cash Costs:

US$630/oz

Processing:

Heap Leach
Planned Production Rate: 30,000oz Au pa
Global JORC Resource:

4.0Mt @ 1.3g/t Au, 4.5g/t Ag (Measured, Indicated & Inferred)

In-pit Grade

1.6 g/t Au, 3.0 g/t Ag

Net Present Value

US$42 million*

Internal Rate of Return

80%*

Payback

1.1 years on US$20 million initial capital*

Royalty: State Right and up to 2% NSR to Sandstorm Gold

*Pre-tax base case at US$1,250/oz for gold as at November 2016 (completed by Auralia Mining Consulting).

Resource Estimate

Classification   Grade Metal Content
 Tonnage (t) Au (g/t) Ag (g/t) Au (oz) Ag (oz)
Measured 611,000 2.77 4.84 54,000 95,000
Indicated 2,556 1.70 5.19 140,000 427,000
Meas + Ind 3,167,000 1.91 5.12 194,000 522,000
Inferred 1,322,000 1.39 4.72 59,000 201,000

Resource Estimate table for Tavsan (JV): June 2020.
Note: Summary 2020 Tavsan Project JORC 2012 compliant Mineral Resource Estimate, based on 171 drill holes and 156 rock-saw channels (dated 8 June 2020). Reporting is based on a 0.7 g/t Au cut-off grade. Figures in the table may not sum precisely due to rounding.

Mineral Resources that are not Mineral Reserves do not have demonstrated economic viability. Environmental, permitting, legal, title, taxation, socio-political, marketing, or other relevant issues may materially affect the estimate of Mineral Resources. Ariana are not aware of any material barrier to eventual economic extraction.

Overview

Overview

The Tavsan Gold Project is located in western Turkey and contains a JORC (2012) Measured, Indicated and Inferred Resource of 253,000 ounces gold and 723,000 ounces silver (as at June 2020). The Tavsan Project area currently consists of five mineralised zones; Main, West, East, North and Far North. The project is being progressed through permitting and an Environmental Impact Assessment, with the intention of developing the site to become the second joint venture gold mining operation.  Processing at Tavsan will be via the heap-leach method to accommodate a production rate of c. 30,000 ounces of gold per annum. A NSR royalty of up to 2% on future production is payable to Sandstorm Gold.

KEPEZ - EXPLORATION

KEPEZ - EXPLORATION

Overview

Kepez is made up of four main zones; Kepez North, Kepez Main, Kepez South and Kepez West in the Kiziltepe Sector. Kepez North is the most advanced and we remain highly encouraged by this area as a potential source of very high-grade mineralisation, which can complement the mill-feed of the Kiziltepe processing plant, which is located only 14km away by road.  Based on the significant resource at Kepez North and the potential for identifying further extensions of this high-grade mineralisation down plunge, further drilling will be completed in the near future.  This work, in addition to further mining studies and associated permitting is being expedited in order to bring this area forward in the mining schedule.  Importantly, the geometry of the mineralisation lends itself well to near complete resource extraction.

The Kepez North vein is positioned at the contact between dacitic pyroclastic and ophiolitic rocks and dips at 50o to the west.  The majority of the gold mineralisation in this vein occurs in a matrix supported hydrothermal quartz breccia which occurs in a limited zone of approximately 150m along strike.  The mineralisation is silver rich with some veins showing an Ag:Au ratio of between 4:1 and 8:1. In places, a pyrite content of up to 40% is observed, but this is typically 1 to 5%.  Mineralised scree from old workings along the Kepez North hanging wall (containing average grades of approximately 7g/t Au + 65g/t Ag) has been defined from previous sampling.

Maps

Overview

Overview

Kepez is made up of four main zones; Kepez North, Kepez Main, Kepez South and Kepez West in the Kiziltepe Sector. Kepez North is the most advanced and we remain highly encouraged by this area as a potential source of very high-grade mineralisation, which can complement the mill-feed of the Kiziltepe processing plant, which is located only 14km away by road.  Based on the significant resource at Kepez North and the potential for identifying further extensions of this high-grade mineralisation down plunge, further drilling will be completed in the near future.  This work, in addition to further mining studies and associated permitting is being expedited in order to bring this area forward in the mining schedule.  Importantly, the geometry of the mineralisation lends itself well to near complete resource extraction.

The Kepez North vein is positioned at the contact between dacitic pyroclastic and ophiolitic rocks and dips at 50o to the west.  The majority of the gold mineralisation in this vein occurs in a matrix supported hydrothermal quartz breccia which occurs in a limited zone of approximately 150m along strike.  The mineralisation is silver rich with some veins showing an Ag:Au ratio of between 4:1 and 8:1. In places, a pyrite content of up to 40% is observed, but this is typically 1 to 5%.  Mineralised scree from old workings along the Kepez North hanging wall (containing average grades of approximately 7g/t Au + 65g/t Ag) has been defined from previous sampling.

KARAKAVAK - RESOURCE ESTIMATE

KARAKAVAK - RESOURCE ESTIMATE

Overview

The Karakavak vein system in the Kiziltepe Sector occurs over a total area of 3.8km2, comprising 3,735m of outcropping veins with only 14% of the veins having been drill tested so far. The veins at Karakavak appear to be moderately dipping to the south. This geometry is favourable for the development of potential low-strip ratio open-pits, especially given the general southward slope of the topography in this area.
The very low silver values and higher concentrations of some other trace elements, indicate that the veins developed at high levels in the epithermal system. Resource estimation and the definition of a JORC Exploration Target for Karakavak is now underway, with potential remaining to discover more steeply dipping feeder structures.

Maps

Overview

Overview

The Karakavak vein system in the Kiziltepe Sector occurs over a total area of 3.8km2, comprising 3,735m of outcropping veins with only 14% of the veins having been drill tested so far. The veins at Karakavak appear to be moderately dipping to the south. This geometry is favourable for the development of potential low-strip ratio open-pits, especially given the general southward slope of the topography in this area.
The very low silver values and higher concentrations of some other trace elements, indicate that the veins developed at high levels in the epithermal system. Resource estimation and the definition of a JORC Exploration Target for Karakavak is now underway, with potential remaining to discover more steeply dipping feeder structures.

Kizilcukur Project Overview

Kizilcukur

Overview

Kizilcukur is located 22km to the northeast of the Kiziltepe Mine and is being developed with the intention of trucking and processing ore at the Kiziltepe plant in the future.  The project comprises a single licence with 10-year operational status. Kizilcukur sits outside the Red Rabbit JV but can be sold into the JV at 3 x exploration cost at time when mutual benefit can be demonstrated to the JV.

Previous scoping-level work on the project showed the potential for open-pit mining and new drilling has been focused on defining future reserves.  Metallurgical test work at Kizilcukur has demonstrated that the ore responds well to the operating conditions used within Kiziltepe processing plant. 

Trial mining conducted in 2017-18 produced an initial c. 5,000 tonnes of material which is currently stockpiled on site.  It is expected that some of this material will be transported to the Kiziltepe plant for bulk trial-processing in the near to medium term future.

SCOPING STUDY SUMMARY

Mine Life: 2 years
Cash Costs: Under review
Processing: CIL (at Kiziltepe)
Planned Production Rate: up to 10,000 oz Au pa
JORC Resource: 255,660 t (Measured, Indicated & Inferred) @ 2.57 g/t gold
JORC Reserve (Proven & Probable): Subject to feasibility
Royalty: State Right 
Overview

Overview

Kizilcukur is located 22km to the northeast of the Kiziltepe Mine and is being developed with the intention of trucking and processing ore at the Kiziltepe plant in the future.  The project comprises a single licence with 10-year operational status. Kizilcukur sits outside the Red Rabbit JV but can be sold into the JV at 3 x exploration cost at time when mutual benefit can be demonstrated to the JV.

Previous scoping-level work on the project showed the potential for open-pit mining and new drilling has been focused on defining future reserves.  Metallurgical test work at Kizilcukur has demonstrated that the ore responds well to the operating conditions used within Kiziltepe processing plant. 

Trial mining conducted in 2017-18 produced an initial c. 5,000 tonnes of material which is currently stockpiled on site.  It is expected that some of this material will be transported to the Kiziltepe plant for bulk trial-processing in the near to medium term future.

Ivrindi

Ivrindi Project Overview

Overview

The Ivrindi Project consists of one operational licence located in Balikesir Province in Western Turkey (coordinates: 545830 mE; 4380450 mN). The property lies 70km to the northwest (straight line) and 100km by road from the Kiziltepe sector of the Company's Red Rabbit Project.   

At Ivrindi, mineralisation occurs at the Kinik prospect, which occurs within a 450m long zone of mineralised alteration within Miocene age andesitic volcanic rocks.  Mineralisation extends from surface to 70m vertical depth and is developed in part along the normal faulted contact with Permo-Triassic age limestones.  The gold mineralisation is most well developed in several intensely clay altered zones associated with haematite and limonite, in which quartz vein formation is virtually absent. 

 

At Ivrindi, mineralisation occurs at the Kinik prospect, which occurs within a 450m long zone of mineralised alteration within Miocene age andesitic volcanic rocks.  Mineralisation extends from surface to 70m vertical depth and is developed in part along the normal faulted contact with Permo-Triassic age limestones.  The gold mineralisation is most well developed in several intensely clay altered zones associated with haematite and limonite, in which quartz vein formation is virtually absent. 

RESOURCE SUMMARY

Resource Estimate table for Ivrindi (100% Ariana owned)

Ivrindi Project Tonnes (t) Grade Au (g/t) Grade Ag (g/t) Gold (oz) Silver (oz)
Inferred 207,000 1.7 n/a 11,000 n/a
Overview

Overview

The Ivrindi Project consists of one operational licence located in Balikesir Province in Western Turkey (coordinates: 545830 mE; 4380450 mN). The property lies 70km to the northwest (straight line) and 100km by road from the Kiziltepe sector of the Company's Red Rabbit Project.   

At Ivrindi, mineralisation occurs at the Kinik prospect, which occurs within a 450m long zone of mineralised alteration within Miocene age andesitic volcanic rocks.  Mineralisation extends from surface to 70m vertical depth and is developed in part along the normal faulted contact with Permo-Triassic age limestones.  The gold mineralisation is most well developed in several intensely clay altered zones associated with haematite and limonite, in which quartz vein formation is virtually absent. 

 

At Ivrindi, mineralisation occurs at the Kinik prospect, which occurs within a 450m long zone of mineralised alteration within Miocene age andesitic volcanic rocks.  Mineralisation extends from surface to 70m vertical depth and is developed in part along the normal faulted contact with Permo-Triassic age limestones.  The gold mineralisation is most well developed in several intensely clay altered zones associated with haematite and limonite, in which quartz vein formation is virtually absent.